One of the many reasons that it’s important to visit Dr. Matthew Gada at Eye 2 Eye Vision Center in Williamsburg, Virginia, for regular eye exams is to have your eyes checked for glaucoma. The condition sets in gradually as you age, slowly declining your visual acuity. If you wait too long for treatment, the disease may have advanced too far to retain what vision you still possess. If you’re growing older and have concerns about glaucoma, call or schedule an appointment online at Eye 2 Eye Vision Center.
Glaucoma is a condition that develops in your eye and is characterized by damage of the optic nerve. The optic nerve is responsible for relaying visual information to your brain, allowing you to see. The disease is one of the leading causes of blindness in patients ages 60 and older, as the optic nerve can deteriorate as you age.
For unknown reasons, damage to the optic nerve is often related to high fluid pressure in the eye. Your eye is filled with a fluid called aqueous humor that drains to maintain normal pressure in your eye. When the drainage outlet isn’t working properly due to blockage or if you’re producing too much fluid, pressure can build up and lead to glaucoma.
Glaucoma can be difficult to catch early, so it’s important to get regular eye exams. Though glaucoma is most common in adults age 60 and older, younger adults and even children can develop some forms of the disease.
Your glaucoma may have a genetic component, so you’re especially at risk if you have family members who have glaucoma. There are two main types of glaucoma:
Open-angle glaucoma is more common and is characterized by blind spots in your peripheral vision. If this type of glaucoma develops without treatment, tunnel vision and eventual blindness can occur.
Angle-closure glaucoma is rare but much more serious. The symptoms include severe headaches, nausea, blurry vision, and eye pain. If you experience these symptoms, you need to visit your ophthalmologist or go to the nearest emergency room immediately.
Damage caused by glaucoma before it is diagnosed cannot be reversed. That said, there are treatment options that will allow you to keep your eyesight for as long as possible. First and foremost, it’s important to live a healthy lifestyle: eat healthy, exercise regularly, and drink plenty of water. Treatments that Dr. Gada prescribes and administers include:
Dr. Gada works with you to form a personalized treatment plan specific to your case. After a diagnosis, you’ll need to come back for regular checkups so that he can monitor your case and adjust your treatment plan as needed.
If you’re noticing changes in your vision or have a family history of glaucoma, call or schedule an appointment online at Eye 2 Eye Vision Center in Williamsburg, Virginia, to learn more about the disease and possible treatments.